Infectious Disease

Many infectious diseases have known oral health manifestations or complications.

  • HIV related oral diseases include:
    • Candidiasis (thrush)
    • Oral hairy leukoplakia
    • Kaposi sarcoma
    • Periodontal disease
    • Ulcerative conditions (herpes virus and aphthous ulcers)
    • A careful oral exam should be part of every HIV+ patient visit
  • Human papilloma virus (HPV) is on the rise, as are cancers associated with HPV.
    • 25% of oral cancers and 66% of oropharyngeal cancers are related to HPV 16.


Reznik DA. Oral manifestations of HIV disease. Topics in HIV Medicine : a Publication of the International AIDS Society, USA. 2005 Dec-2006 Jan;13(5):143-148.

Majchrzak E, Szybiak B, Wegner A, et al. Cavity and Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma in Young Adults: A Review of the Literature. Radiol Oncol. 2014; 48(1): 1–10.