The Consequences

The economic and social consequences of oral pain, dental decay, and tooth loss are far-reaching and can result in social stigma.

There is mounting evidence of aggravating effects on systemic conditions due to poor oral health.

Oral pain can cause:

  • Poor school performance in children
  • Work loss in adults
  • Difficulty chewing and inadequate nutrition
  • Costly emergency department visits

Dental decay and tooth loss can lead to:

  • Aesthetic and self-image issues
  • Feeling worthless, unhappy and shy
  • Costly restorations
  • Systemic complications

Bilateral Abscesses of the Upper Central Incisors

Donald Greiner, DDS, MS
Donald Greiner, DDS, MS

Child Under General Anesthesia Undergoing Dental Restoration



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Shah AC, Leong KK, Lee MK, Allareddy V. Outcomes of Hospitalizations Attributed to Periapical Abscess from 2000 to 2008: A Longitudinal Trend Analysis. Journal of Endodontics, 2013; 39(9): 1104-1110.

Allareddy V1, Rampa S, Lee MK, Allareddy V, Nalliah RP. Hospital-based emergency department visits involving dental conditions: profile and predictors of poor outcomes and resource utilization. JADA, 2014. 145(4): 331-337.