Susan A. Fisher-Owens, SA Gansky, LJ Platt, et al. Influences on children's oral health: A conceptual model. Pediatrics 2007; 120(3): e510.
Patrick DL, Lee RS, Nucci M, Grembowski D, Jolles CZ, Milgrom P. BMC Oral Health. 2006; 6 Suppl 1:S4.
Watt RG, Sheiham A. Integrating the common risk factor approach into a social determinants framework. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2012; 40: 289–296.
Social Determinants of Health: A Quick Guide for Health Professionals. Julie Mikkonen and Dennis Raphael, 2012.
The triad was adapted from Keyes PH. Int Dent J. 1962;12: 443–464; and the concentric oval design was adapted from the National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics. Shaping a Health Statistics Vision for the 21st Century. Washington, DC: Department of Health and Human Services Data Council, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics; 2002:viii.
Figure published in Pediatrics by: Fisher-Owens SA, Gansky SA, Platt LJ, et al. Influences on children's oral health: A conceptual model. Pediatrics. 2007;120(3); e510.
Figure above adapted from the following 2 sources, with secondary, explicit permission obtained for use in the Smiles for Life Curriculum: