Epidemiology of Dental Trauma

Peaks in the incidence of dental trauma occur between the ages of 2 and 4 and again at 8 to 10 years. Trauma of anterior permanent teeth can have lifelong consequences affecting aesthetics, self-image, and costly long-term dental care.


  • At least 30% of preschoolers have had a dental injury of some kind.
  • Falls are the most common source of oral injury.

School-aged children

  • Twenty-five percentĀ of 12-year-oldsĀ have injured permanent teeth.
  • Anterior maxillary incisors are most often injured.
  • Bikes, falls, sports injuries, automobile accidents and violence are common causes of dental trauma.