Steps can be taken to minimize the impact of oral diseases. Educating patients and encouraging them to follow these steps will help promote oral health and minimize oral disease.

Preventive Steps

  • Brush and floss regularly
  • Avoid frequent snacking on sugary foods
  • Use fluoride toothpaste
  • Avoid alcohol and tobacco
  • Minimize medications with oral effects
  • Visit dentist regularly

Brushing & Flossing Techniques

  • Brush at least twice a day
  • Use a soft toothbrush and focus on the area where the tooth meets the gingiva
  • Manual and electric toothbrushes produce comparable oral hygiene results, so the choice should be based on personal preference
  • Flossing helps disrupt the formation of plaque below the gum line and between the teeth

How to Brush Your Teeth

How to Floss Your Teeth


Robinson PG, Deacon SA, Deery C, Heanue M, Walmsley AD, Worthington HV, Glenny AM, Shaw WC. Manual versus powered toothbrushing for oral health. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2005, Issue 2. Art. No.: CD002281. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD002281.pub2.

Fjeld KG, Eide H, Mowe M, Sandvik L, Willumsen T. A 1-year follow-up of a randomized clinical trial with focus on manual and electric toothbrushes' effect on dental hygiene in nursing homes. Acta Odontol Scand. 2018; 76(4): 257-261.