More than 90% of the elderly take prescription medication each week. In fact, 57% take five or more medications daily, and 12-20% take more than ten medications daily.
|Phenytoin, methotrexate, calcium channel blockers||Gingival Overgrowth|
|Chemotherapy and radiation therapy||Stomatitis and mucositis|
|Nifedipine in type II diabetics||Periodontal disease|
|Sugar containing medication preparations, e.g., syrups||Dental Caries|
|Progesterone, nitrates, beta and calcium channel blockers||Dental erosions due to gastric reflux|
|Antihypertensives, antidepressants, antihistamines, diuretics||Xerostomia|
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Aghaloo TL, Tetradis S. Osteonecrosis of the Jaw in the Absence of Antiresorptive or Antiangiogenic Exposure: A Series of 6 Cases. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2017;75(1):129-142.
Kaufman DW et al. Recent pattern of medication use in the ambulatory adult population of the United States. JAMA 2002; 287(3): 337-344.
Steinman MA, Hanlon JT. Managing medications in clinically complex elders: there's got to be a happy medium. JAMA 2010; 304(14): 1592-1601.
Mabi L, Papas A. Oral Implications of Polypharmacy in the Elderly. Dental Clinics of North America. 2014; 58(4): 783-796.