Patients with dementia have increased risk for caries, periodontal disease, and oral infections.

Caries and Periodontitis

 B. J. Brown, RDH, MS
B. J. Brown, RDH, MS

Contributing factors to oral problems include:

  • Self-care deficits
  • Chronic disease burden
  • Dietary changes
  • Difficulty complying with:
    • Medications
    • Oral hygiene
    • Dental appointments


  • Dependence on caregivers
  • Behavioral changes
  • Postural impairments
  • Swallowing difficulty
  • Lack of understanding leading to resistance to care


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