Diabetes-Periodontal Link

Poor glycemic control in patients with diabetes increases the risk of periodontal disease and periodontal disease worsens glycemic control in a vicious cycle.  

cycle

Severe Periodontitis

UKCD
UKCD

References

Mealey, B. L., Periodontal disease and diabetes: A two-way street. J Am Dent Assoc 2006; 137:26-31.

Demmer RT, Jacobs DR, Desvarieux M. Periodontal disease and incident type 2 diabetes mellitus: Results from the first National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and its Epidemiologic Follow up Study. Diabetes Care. 2008 Jul; 31(7): 1373-9.

Moore PA, et al. Type 1 diabetes mellitus, xerostomia and salivary flow rates. Oral Surg, Oral Med, Oral Pathol, Oral Radio, Endod. 2001; 92:281-91.

Examination Survey and its epidemiologic follow up study. Diabetes Care 2008; 31(7):1373-9. Moore, P.A., et al. Type 1 diabetes mellitus, xerostomia and salivary flow rates. Oral Surg Oral med Oral Pthol Oral Radiol Endod 2001; 92:281-91.

Promsudth, A., et al. The effect of periodontal therapy on uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus in older subjects. Oral Dis 2005; 11:293-8.

Saremi, A., et al. Periodontal disease and mortality in Type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care 2005; 28:27-32.

Tavares M, Lindefjeld-Calabi KA, San Martin L, Systemic Diseases and Oral Health Geriatric Dentistry. Dental Clinics of North America. 2014; 58(4): 797-814.

Lund AE, Treating periodontal disease may lower diabetes' risks. The Journal of the American Dental Association. 2010; 141(7): 833-834.

Sanz M, et al. Scientific evidence of the links between periodontal disease and diabetes: Consensus report and guidelines of the joint workshop of periodontal disease and diabetes by the International Diabetes Federation and the European Federation of Periodontology. J Clin Periodontol. 2018; 45(2): 138-149.