Oral Disease Risk Factors

When taking an oral history, providers should focus on these risk factors for caries and periodontal disease.


  • Personal history of caries or periodontal disease
  • Low socioeconomic status
  • Medications that contain sugar or cause xerostomia
  • Chronic disease such as diabetes
  • Emotional or physical disabilities


  • Poor oral hygiene habits
  • High sugar-containing diet
  • Lack of routine dental visits
  • Alcohol and tobacco use


  • Non-fluoridated community water
  • Poor access to dental and/or medical care


  • Social injustice and inequity affects overall health and health profoundly through stress and other means
  • There are fewer dental providers of colour
  • Dental providers may be less accessible in communities of colour (e.g. location, hours, transportation, etc)